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Arkansas Biology Science StandardsWeb Resources
MC.1.B.1
Describe the structure and function of the major organic molecules found in living systems:
• carbohydrates
• proteins
• enzymes
• lipids
• nucleic acids
 Enzyme Efficiency
MC.1.B.2
Describe the relationship between an enzyme and its substrate molecule(s)
 Another 'Cheesy' Biology Lab  Enzyme Efficiency
MC.1.B.3
Investigate the properties and importance of water and its significance for life:
• surface tension
• adhesion
• cohesion
• polarity
• pH
 Properties of Water
MC.1.B.4
Explain the role of energy in chemical reactions of living systems:
• activation energy
• exergonic reactions
• endergonic reactions
 Enzyme Efficiency
MC.2.B.1
Construct a hierarchy of life from cells to ecosystems
MC.2.B.2
Compare and contrast prokaryotes and eukaryotes
MC.2.B.3
Describe the role of sub-cellular structures in the life of a cell:
• organelles
• ribosomes
• cytoskeleton
MC.2.B.4
Relate the function of the plasma (cell) membrane to its structure
MC.2.B.5
Compare and contrast the structures of an animal cell to a plant cell
MC.2.B.6
Compare and contrast the functions of autotrophs and heterotrophs
MC.2.B.7
Compare and contrast active transport and passive transport mechanisms:
• diffusion
• osmosis
• endocytosis
• exocytosis
• phagocytosis
• pinocytosis
 Turgor Potato
MC.2.B.8
Describe the main events in the cell cycle, including the differences in plant and animal cell division:
• interphase
• mitosis
• cytokinesis
MC.2.B.9
List in order and describe the stages of mitosis:
• prophase
• metaphase
• anaphase
• telophase
 Stages of Mitosis
MC.2.B.10
Analyze the meiotic maintenance of a constant chromosome number from one generation to the next
MC.2.B.11
Discuss homeostasis using thermoregulation as an example
MC.3.B.1
Compare and contrast the structure and function of mitochondria and chloroplasts
MC.3.B.2
Describe and model the conversion of stored energy in organic molecules into usable cellular energy (ATP):
• glycolysis
• citric acid cycle
• electron transport chain
MC.3.B.3
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaerobic respiration:
• lactic acid fermentation
• alcoholic fermentation
 To Yeast or Not to Yeast!
MC.3.B.4
Describe and model the conversion of light energy to chemical energy by photosynthetic organisms:
• light dependent reactions
• light independent reactions
MC.3.B.5
Compare and contrast cellular respiration and photosynthesis as energy conversion pathways
HE.4.B.1
Summarize the outcomes of Gregor Mendel's experimental procedures
HE.4.B.2
Differentiate among the laws and principles of inheritance:
• dominance
• segregation
• independent assortment
HE.4.B.3
Use the laws of probability and Punnett squares to predict genotypic and phenotypic ratios
HE.4.B.4
Examine different modes of inheritance:
• sex linkage
• codominance
• crossing over
• incomplete dominance
• multiple alleles
HE.4.B.5
Analyze the historically significant work of prominent geneticists
HE.4.B.6
Evaluate karyotypes for abnormalities:
• monosomy
• trisomy
HE.5.B.1
Model the components of a DNA nucleotide and an RNA nucleotide
HE.5.B.2
Describe the Watson-Crick double helix model of DNA, using the base-pairing rule (adenine-thymine, cytosine-guanine)
 Watson-Crick Model of DNA
HE.5.B.3
Compare and contrast the structure and function of DNA and RNA
HE.5.B.4
Describe and model the processes of replication, transcription, and translation
HE.5.B.5
Compare and contrast the different types of mutation events, including point mutation, frameshift mutation, deletion, and inversion
 What's the Point?
HE.5.B.6
Identify effects of changes brought about by mutations:
• beneficial
• harmful
• neutral
HE.6.B.1
Compare and contrast Lamarck's explanation of evolution with Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection
HE.6.B.2
Recognize that evolution involves a change in allele frequencies in a population across successive generations
 Population Dynamics in Rabbits
HE.6.B.3
Analyze the effects of mutations and the resulting variations within a population in terms of natural selection
 Variation in Humans --- Is Your Amount of Salivary Amylase an Adaptation?
HE.6.B.4
Illustrate mass extinction events using a time line
 Mass Extinction Timeline
HE.6.B.5
Evaluate evolution in terms of evidence as found in the following:
• fossil record
• DNA analysis
• artificial selection
• morphology
• embryology
• viral evolution
• geographic distribution of related species
• antibiotic and pesticide resistance in various organisms
HE.6.B.6
Compare the processes of relative dating and radioactive dating to determine the age of fossils
 Half-life with Pennies  A Penny for Your Thoughts!
HE.6.B.7
Interpret a Cladogram
CDL.7.B.1
Differentiate among the different domains:
• Bacteria
• Archaea
• Eukarya
CDL.7.B.2
Differentiate the characteristics of the six kingdoms:
• Eubacteria
• Archaea
• Protista
• Fungi
• Plantae
• Animalia
 Polyploidy in Plants
CDL.7.B.3
Identify the seven major taxonomic categories:
• kingdom
• phylum
• class
• order
• family
• genus
• species
CDL.7.B.4
Classify and name organisms based on their similarities and differences applying taxonomic nomenclature using dichotomous keys
CDL.7.B.5
Investigate Arkansas' biodiversity using appropriate tools and technology
CDL.7.B.6
Compare and contrast the structures and characteristics of viruses (lytic and lysogenic cycles) with non-living and living things
CDL.7.B.7
Evaluate the medical and economic importance of viruses
CDL.7.B.8
Compare and contrast life cycles of familiar organisms
• sexual reproduction
• asexual reproduction
• metamorphosis
• alternation of generations
CDL.7.B.9
Classify bacteria according to their characteristics and adaptations
CDL.7.B.10
Evaluate the medical and economic importance of bacteria
CDL.7.B.11
Describe the characteristics used to classify protists:
• plant-like
• animal-like
• fungal-like
CDL.7.B.12
Evaluate the medical and economic importance of protists
CDL.7.B.13
Compare and contrast fungi with other eukaryotic organisms
CDL.7.B.14
Evaluate the medical and economic importance of fungi
CDL.7.B.15
Differentiate between vascular and nonvascular plants
CDL.7.B.16
Differentiate among cycads, gymnosperms, and angiosperms
CDL.7.B.17
Describe the structure and function of the major parts of a plant:
• roots
• stems
• leaves
• flowers
CDL.7.B.18
Relate the structure of plant tissue to its function
• epidermal
• ground
• vascular
CDL.7.B.19
Evaluate the medical and economic importance of plants
CDL.7.B.20
Identify the symmetry of organisms:
• radial
• bilateral
• asymmetrical
CDL.7.B.21
Compare and contrast the major invertebrate classes according to their nervous, respiratory, excretory, circulatory, and digestive systems
CDL.7.B.22
Compare and contrast the major vertebrate classes according to their nervous, respiratory, excretory, circulatory, digestive, reproductive and integumentary systems
EBR.8.B.1
Cite examples of abiotic and biotic factors of ecosystems
EBR.8.B.2
Compare and contrast the characteristics of biomes
EBR.8.B.3
Diagram the carbon, nitrogen, phosphate, and water cycles in an ecosystem
 Nitrogen in a Bottle
EBR.8.B.4
Analyze an ecosystem's energy flow through food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids
EBR.8.B.5
Identify and predict the factors that control population, including predation, competition, crowding, water, nutrients, and shelter
EBR.8.B.6
Summarize the symbiotic ways in which individuals within a community interact with each other:
• commensalism
• parasitism
• mutualism
EBR.8.B.7
Compare and contrast primary succession with secondary succession
EBR.8.B.8
Identify the properties of each of the five levels of ecology:
• organism
• population
• community
• ecosystem
• biosphere
EBR.9.B.1
Analyze the effects of human population growth and technology on the environment/biosphere
EBR.9.B.2
Evaluate long range plans concerning resource use and by-product disposal in terms of their environmental, economic, and political impact
EBR.9.B.3
Assess current world issues applying scientific themes (e.g., global changes in climate, epidemics, pandemics, ozone depletion, UV radiation, natural resources, use of technology, and public policy)
NS.10.B.1
Explain why science is limited to natural explanations of how the world works
NS.10.B.2
Compare and contrast hypotheses, theories, and laws
NS.10.B.3
Distinguish between a scientific theory and the term ?theory? used in general conversation
NS.10.B.4
Summarize the guidelines of science:
• explanations are based on observations, evidence, and testing
• hypotheses must be testable
• understandings and/or conclusions may change with additional empirical data
• scientific knowledge must have peer review and verification before acceptance
 Polyploidy in Plants
NS.11.B.1
Develop and explain the appropriate procedure, controls, and variables (dependent and independent) in scientific experimentation
NS.11.B.2
Research and apply appropriate safety precautions (refer to ADE Guidelines) when designing and/or conducting scientific investigations
NS.11.B.3
Identify sources of bias that could affect experimental outcome
NS.11.B.4
Gather and analyze data using appropriate summary statistics
NS.11.B.5
Formulate valid conclusions without bias
NS.11.B.6
Communicate experimental results using appropriate reports, figures, and tables
 Enzyme Efficiency
NS.12.B.1
Recognize that theories are scientific explanations that require empirical data, verification, and peer review
NS.12.B.2
Understand that scientific theories may be modified or expanded based on additional empirical data, verification, and peer review
NS.12.B.3
Summarize biological evolution
NS.12.B.4
Relate the development of the cell theory to current trends in cellular biology
NS.12.B.5
Describe the relationship between the germ theory of disease and our current knowledge of immunology and control of infectious diseases
NS.12.B.6
Relate the chromosome theory of heredity to recent findings in genetic research (e.g., Human Genome Project-HGP, chromosome therapy)
NS.12.B.7
Research current events and topics in biology
NS.13.B.1
Collect and analyze scientific data using appropriate mathematical calculations, figures, and tables
NS.13.B.2
Use appropriate equipment and technology as tools for solving problems (e.g., microscopes, centrifuges, flexible arm cameras, computer software and hardware)
NS.13.B.3
Utilize technology to communicate research findings
NS.14.B.1
Compare and contrast biological concepts in pure science and applied science
NS.14.B.2
Discuss why scientists should work within ethical parameters
NS.14.B.3
Evaluate long-range plans concerning resource use and by-product disposal for environmental, economic, and political impact
 The 5 W's of Waste
NS.14.B.4
Explain how the cyclical relationship between science and technology results in reciprocal advancements in science and technology
NS.15.B.1
Research and evaluate science careers using the following criteria:
• educational requirements
• salary
• availability of jobs
• working conditions
 Promoting Biology Occupations