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Arkansas Physical Science StandardsWeb Resources
C.1.PS.1
Compare and contrast chemical and physical properties of matter, including but not limited to flammability, reactivity, density, buoyancy, viscosity, melting point and boiling point
C.1.PS.2
Compare and contrast chemical and physical changes, including but not limited to rusting, burning, evaporation, boiling and dehydration
C.1.PS.3
Discuss and model the relative size and placement of sub-atomic particles
C.1.PS.4
Illustrate the placement of electrons in the first twenty elements using energy levels and orbitals
C.1.PS.5
Distinguish among atoms, ions, and isotopes
C.1.PS.6
Model the valence electrons using electron dot structures (Lewis electron dot structures)
C.1.PS.7
Explain the role of valence electrons in determining chemical properties
C.1.PS.8
Explain the role of valence electrons in forming chemical bonds
C.1.PS.9
Model bonding:
• ionic
• covalent
• metallic
 A Bonding Experience
C.1.PS.10
Identify commonly used polyatomic ions
C.1.PS.11
Write formulas for ionic and covalent compounds
C.1.PS.12
Name ionic and covalent compounds
C.1.PS.13
Identify the mole and amu (atomic mass unit) as units of measurement in chemistry
 A Baker's Dozen - A Chemist's Mole
C.1.PS.14
Calculate the molar mass of compounds based on average atomic mass.
C.2.PS.1
Identify the kinetic theory throughout the phases of matter
 Temperature State
C.2.PS.2
Create and label heat versus temperature graphs (heating curves):
• solid
• liquid
• gas
• triple point
• heat of fusion
• heat of vaporization
C.2.PS.3
Relate thermal expansion to the kinetic theory
 Expansion Drop
C.2.PS.4
Compare and contrast Boyle's law and Charles' law
C.2.PS.5
Compare and contrast endothermic and exothermic reactions as energy is transferred
C.2.PS.6
Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion
 Nuclear Fusion and Fission
C.2.PS.7
Compare and contrast the emissions produced by radioactive decay:
• alpha particles
• beta particles
• gamma rays
 Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Decay
C.3.PS.1
Identify and write balanced chemical equations:
• decomposition reaction
• synthesis reaction
• single displacement reaction
• double displacement reaction
• combustion reaction
C.3.PS.2
Predict the product(s) of a chemical reaction when given the reactants using chemical symbols and words
C.3.PS.3
Balance chemical equations using the Law of Conservation of Mass
C.3.PS.4
Determine mole ratio from a balanced reaction equation
C.3.PS.5
Compare and contrast the properties of reactants and products of a chemical reaction
C.3.PS.6
Model the role of activation energy in chemical reactions
C.3.PS.7
Examine factors that affect the rate of chemical reactions, including but not limited to temperature, light, concentration, catalysts, surface area, pressure
C.3.PS.8
dentify the observable evidence of a chemical reaction:
• formation of a precipitate
• production of a gas
• color change
• changes in heat and light
 Chemical or Physical?
C.3.PS.9
Relate fire safety measures to conditions necessary for combustion
C.4.PS.1
Summarize carbon bonding:
• allotropes (diamond, graphite, fullerenes)
• carbon-carbon (single, double, triple)
• isomers (branched, straight-chain, ring)
C.4.PS.2
Identify organic compounds by their:
• formula
• structure
• properties
• functional groups
C.4.PS.3
Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons
C.4.PS.4
Describe organic compounds and their functions in the human body:
• carbohydrates
• lipids
• proteins
• nucleic acids
P.5.PS.1
Distinguish among thermal energy, heat, and temperature
P.5.PS.2
Calculate changes in thermal energy using: q=mcpΔT
Where q = heat energy, m = mass, cp = specific heat, ΔT = change in temperature
 Heat of Combustion of a Nut
P.6.PS.1
Analyze how force affects motion:
• one-dimensional (linear)
• two-dimensional (projectile and rotational)
P.6.PS.2
Explain how motion is relative to a reference point
P.6.PS.3
Compare and contrast among speed, velocity and acceleration
P.6.PS.4
Solve problems using the formulas for speed and acceleration:
• v = d/t
• a = Δv/Δt
Where a = acceleration, v = speed (velocity), Δt = change in time, Δv = change in velocity, t = time and d = distance
P.6.PS.5
Interpret graphs related to motion:
• distance versus time (d-t)
• velocity versus time (v-t)
• acceleration versus time (a-t)
P.6.PS.6
Compare and contrast Newton's three laws of motion
P.6.PS.7
Design and conduct investigations demonstrating Newton's first law of motion
P.6.PS.8
Conduct investigations demonstrating Newton's second law of motion
P.6.PS.9
Design and conduct investigations demonstrating Newton's third law of motion
P.6.PS.10
Calculate force, mass, and acceleration using Newton's second law of motion: F = ma
Where F = force, m = mass, a = acceleration
P.6.PS.11
Relate the Law of Conservation of Momentum to how it affects the movement of objects
P.6.PS.12
Compare and contrast the effects of forces on fluids:
• Archimedes' principle
• Pascal's principle
• Bernoulli's principle
 Bernoulli Round Robin  Bernoulli and Kites!
P.6.PS.13
Design an experiment to show conversion of energy:
• mechanical (potential and kinetic)
• chemical
• thermal
• sound
• light
• nuclear
 Rube Goldberg Lives On  Domino! Energy Conversions Game
P.6.PS.14
Solve problems by using formulas for gravitational potential and kinetic energy:
• KE = (1/2)mv2
• PE = mgh
Where KE = kinetic energy, PE = potential energy, m = mass, v = velocity
 Dropsy
P.7.PS.1
Compare and contrast a wave's speed through various mediums
P.7.PS.2
Explain diffraction of waves
P.7.PS.3
Explain Doppler effect using examples
P.7.PS.4
Calculate problems relating to wave properties:
• λ = vt
• f = 1/T
• v = f λ
Where λ = wavelength, f = frequency, T = period, v = velocity
 Riding the Waves
P.7.PS.5
Describe how the physical properties of sound waves affect its perception
P.7.PS.6
Define light in terms of waves and particles
P.7.PS.7
Explain the formation of color by light and by pigments
P.7.PS.8
Investigate the separation of white light into colors by diffraction
P.7.PS.9
Illustrate constructive and destructive interference of light waves
 Today's Ripple Tank!
P.7.PS.10
Differentiate among the reflected images produced by concave, convex, and plane mirrors
P.7.PS.11
Differentiate between the refracted images produced by concave and convex lenses
P.7.PS.12
Research current uses of optics and sound
P.8.PS.1
Calculate voltage, current, and resistance from a schematic diagram
 Ohmmm!
P.8.PS.2
Calculate electrical power using current and voltage: P = IV
Where P = power, I = current, V = voltage
P.8.PS.3
Calculate electrical energy using electrical power and time: E = Pt
Where E = energy, P = power, t = time
 More Power to You!
P.8.PS.4
Explain the use of electromagnets in step-up and step-down transformers
P.8.PS.5
Research current uses of electromagnets
NS.9.PS.1
Explain why science is limited to natural explanations of how the world works
NS.9.PS.2
Compare and contrast hypotheses, theories, and laws
NS.9.PS.3
Distinguish between a scientific theory and the term ?theory? used in general conversation
NS.9.PS.4
Summarize the guidelines of science:
• explanations are based on observations, evidence, and testing
• hypotheses must be testable
• understandings and/or conclusions may change with additional empirical data
• scientific knowledge must have peer review and verification before acceptance
NS.10.PS.1
Develop and explain the appropriate procedure, controls, and variables (dependent and independent) in scientific experimentation
NS.10.PS.2
Research and apply appropriate safety precautions (refer to ADE Guidelines) when designing and/or conducting scientific investigations
NS.10.PS.3
Identify sources of bias that could affect experimental outcome
NS.10.PS.4
Gather and analyze data using appropriate summary statistics
NS.10.PS.5
Formulate valid conclusions without bias
NS.10.PS.6
Communicate experimental results using appropriate reports, figures, and tables
NS.11.PS.1
Recognize the factors that constitute a scientific theory
NS.11.PS.2
Explain why scientific theories may be modified or expanded using additional empirical data, verification, and peer review
NS.11.PS.3
Summarize the development of the current atomic theory
NS.11.PS.4
Analyze the development of the periodic table
NS.11.PS.5
Research historical events in physical science
NS.11.PS.6
Research current events and topics in physical science
NS.12.PS.1
Use appropriate equipment and technology as tools for solving problems (e.g., balances, scales, calculators, probes, glassware, burners, computer software and hardware)
 Crossing the Bridge
NS.12.PS.2
Collect and analyze scientific data using appropriate mathematical calculations, figures, and tables
NS.12.PS.3
Utilize technology to communicate research findings
NS.13.PS.1
Compare and contrast physical science concepts in pure science and applied science
NS.13.PS.2
Discuss why scientists should work within ethical parameters
NS.13.PS.3
Evaluate long-range plans concerning resource use and by-product disposal for environmental, economic, and political impact
NS.13.PS.4
Explain how the cyclical relationship between science and technology results in reciprocal advancements in science and technology
NS.13.PS.5
Describe in detail the methods used by scientists in their research
NS.14.PS.1
Research and evaluate physical science careers using the following criteria:
• educational requirements
• salary
• availability of jobs
• working conditions