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Arkansas Grade 5 Science StandardsWeb Resources
NS.1.5.1
Make accurate observations
 What Is It?
NS.1.5.2
Identify and define components of experimental design used to produce empirical evidence:
• hypothesis
• replication
• sample size
• appropriate use of control
• use of standardized variables
NS.1.5.3
Calculate mean, median, mode, and range from scientific data using SI units
NS.1.5.4
Interpret scientific data using
• data tables/charts
• bar graphs
• circle graphs
• line graphs
• stem and leaf plots
• Venn diagrams
NS.1.5.5
Communicate results and conclusions from scientific inquiry
NS.1.5.6
Develop and implement strategies for long-term, accurate data collection
NS.1.5.7
Summarize the characteristics of science
NS.1.5.8
Explain the role of observation in the development of a theory
NS.1.5.9
Define and give examples of hypotheses
LS.2.5.1
Compare the cell theory to the characteristics of a scientific theory
LS.2.5.2
Examine cells on a microscopic level
LS.2.5.3
Describe the similarities of basic cell functions in all organisms
LS.2.5.4
Model and identify the parts of animal cells and plant cells:
• cell wall
• cell membrane
• nucleus
• cytoplasm
• chloroplast
 Identifying Cell Parts
LS.2.5.5
Compare and contrast plant and animal cells
 Identifying Cell Parts
LS.2.5.6
Conduct investigations to separate plant pigments from the cell
LS.2.5.7
Identify the role of chlorophyll in the process of photosynthesis
LS.2.5.8
Explain and illustrate photosynthesis
 Photosynthesis: What is Involved
LS.2.5.9
Explain cellular respiration
LS.2.5.10
Conduct investigations demonstrating the process of cellular respiration
LS.2.5.11
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to cells
LS.4.5.1
Distinguish among and model
• organisms
• populations
• communities
• ecosystems
• biosphere
LS.4.5.2
Identify the transfer of energy using energy pyramids:
• terrestrial
• aquatic
 Food Webs
LS.4.5.3
Design food webs in specific habitats to show the flow of energy within communities:
• terrestrial
• aquatic
 Food Webs  Ecosystems in Balance
LS.4.5.4
Evaluate food webs under conditions of stress:
• overgrazing
• overpopulation
• natural disaster
• introduction of non-native species
• human impact/urban development
 Food Webs
LS.4.5.5
Examine the role of limiting factors on the carrying capacity of an ecosystem:
• food
• space
• water
• shelter
LS.4.5.6
Describe and diagram the nitrogen cycle in ecosystems
LS.4.5.7
Describe and diagram the carbon cycle in ecosystems
LS.4.5.8
Describe and diagram the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems
LS.4.5.9
Conduct investigations demonstrating the role of the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems
LS.4.5.10
Analyze the concept of conservation of mass as related to the amount of matter in an ecosystem
LS.4.5.11
Create ecosystems in which plants can exist without animals
 Terrarium Ecosystems
LS.4.5.12
Conduct investigations in which plants are encouraged to thrive
 Terrarium Ecosystems
LS.4.5.13
Construct, compare, and contrast environments in open and closed aquaria
LS.4.5.14
Categorize organisms by the function they serve in ecosystems and food webs:
• predator/prey
• parasitism
• producer/consumer/
decomposer
• scavenger
• herbivore/carnivore/ omnivore
 Virtual Owl Pellet Dissection  Ecosystems in Balance
LS.4.5.15
Conduct field studies identifying and categorizing organisms in a given area of an ecosystem
LS.4.5.16
Evaluate positive and negative human effects on ecosystems
LS.4.5.17
Describe and illustrate various symbiotic relationships:
• parasitism
• mutualism
• commensalism
LS.4.5.18
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to populations and ecosystems
PS.5.5.1
Identify the relationship of atoms to all matter
PS.5.5.2
Conduct scientific investigations on physical properties of objects
 What Is It?
PS.5.5.3
Identify common examples of physical properties:
• length
• mass
• area
• perimeter
• texture
• taste
• odor
• color
• elasticity
 Physical Properties of Objects  Air and Mass
PS.5.5.4
State characteristics of physical changes
PS.5.5.5
Identify characteristics and common examples of physical changes
PS.5.5.6
Explain how heat influences the states of matter of a substance:
• solid
• liquid
• gas
• plasma
 Foam On!
PS.5.5.7
Demonstrate the effect of changes in the physical properties of matter
PS.5.5.8
Model the motion and position of molecules in solids, liquids, and gases in terms of kinetic energy
PS.5.5.9
Conduct investigations demonstrating expansion and contraction
PS.5.5.10
Investigate scientists, careers, and historical breakthroughs related to physical properties, physical changes, and states of matter
PS.6.5.1
Classify simple machines
PS.6.5.2
Conduct investigations using
• levers (e.g., toothbrush)
• pulleys
• inclined planes-ramps, wedges, and screws
• wheels and axles
 Using Pulleys
PS.6.5.3
Relate simple machines to inventions and discoveries
 Using Pulleys
PS.6.5.4
Compare and contrast potential energy and kinetic energy as applied to motion
PS.6.5.5
Classify real world examples as potential energy or kinetic energy as applied to motion
PS.6.5.6
Conduct investigations using potential energy and kinetic energy
PS.6.5.7
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to simple machines and potential and kinetic energy
PS.7.5.1
Summarize how light can interact with matter through absorption, refraction, and reflection
PS.7.5.2
Investigate how light travels and interacts with an object or material
PS.7.5.3
Conduct investigations demonstrating how an object can be seen
PS.7.5.4
Design and conduct investigations of transparent, translucent, and opaque as applied to light
PS.7.5.5
Investigate physical interactions of light and matter and the effect on color perception:
• refraction
• absorption
• transmission
• scattering
 Classroom Rainbows
PS.7.5.6
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to light energy
ESS.8.5.1
Identify some basic elements composing minerals:
• silicon
• oxygen
• iron
• sodium
• chlorine
• calcium
• carbon
• hydrogen
• aluminum
ESS.8.5.2
Investigate the growth of crystals
 Growing Borax Crystals
ESS.8.5.3
Identify characteristics of minerals
ESS.8.5.4
Conduct investigations on mineral properties:
• luster
• hardness
• streak
• acid test for calcite
• fluorescence
ESS.8.5.5
Identify the following minerals:
• halite (salt)
• feldspar
• sulfur
• quartz
• diamonds
• gypsum
• calcite
• talc
• hematite (iron)
• precious metals
(gold, silver)
 Arkansas Rocks!
ESS.8.5.6
Identify minerals found in Arkansas:
• bauxite
• diamonds
• quartz
• galena
 Arkansas Rocks!
ESS.8.5.7
Identify characteristics of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks
ESS.8.5.8
Compare and contrast by investigation characteristics of the three basic types of rocks:
• sedimentary
• igneous
• metamorphic
ESS.8.5.9
Classify the three basic types of rocks
ESS.8.5.10
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to minerals and rocks
ESS.8.5.11
Investigate the formation of soil
ESS.8.5.12
Conduct investigations on sedimentation
ESS.8.5.13
Describe and illustrate the rock cycle
ESS.9.5.1
Explain and give examples of how physical evidence from fossils supports the theory that Earth has changed over time
ESS.9.5.2
Analyze fossil record evidence about plants and animals that lived long ago
 Fossils and Pangaea
ESS.9.5.3
Infer the nature of ancient environments based on fossil record evidence
ESS.10.5.1
Compare the physical characteristics of the sun to other stars:
• size
• color
• brightness
 Apparent Magnitude
ESS.10.5.2
Demonstrate the order of planets and other space objects in our solar system
ESS.10.5.3
Compare the properties of planets in our solar system:
• size
• shape
• density
• atmosphere
• distance from the sun
• orbital path
• moons
• surface
• composition
ESS.10.5.4
Distinguish between mass and weight
ESS.10.5.5
Compare the human body's mass to weight on Earth, the moon, and other planets in our solar system
ESS.10.5.6
Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to planets