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Title:Rube Goldberg Lives OnCourse:
Topic:Potential and Kinetic EnergyPhysical Science
Lesson Summary

Students design and build a structure that demonstrates three examples of potential energy converting to kinetic energy and vice versa.


Arkansas Standard(s) Associated with this Lesson

Strand: Physics
Standard: Students shall demonstrate an understanding of the role of forces in physics.
P.6.PS.13:
Design an experiment to show conversion of energy:
• mechanical (potential and kinetic)
• chemical
• thermal
• sound
• light
• nuclear
Objective(s)

Students will demonstrate the conversion of potential energy to kinetic energy and vice versa.

Keywords

potential energy, kinetic energy, energy conversion, conservation of energy


Timeline

200 minutes

Materials
  • marble
  • handout titled "Rube Goldberg Pencil Sharpener"
  • handout titled "Potential and Kinetic Energy - Rube Goldberg Device"
  • handout titled "Rubric" for Rube Goldberg Device
  • smartboard with internet connections for Rube Goldberg website
Teacher Preparation

Background Information

The Physics Classroom has information about potential and kinetic energy or access CK-12 Flexbooks for additional information.


°Developed by Biological Sciences Curriculum Study
°Based on constructivism
°Suggests 5 learning cycle stages: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate
5E Instructional Model


°Get student’s attention and introduce concepts
°Assess prior knowledge and pose questions
°Demonstrations, discrepant events, videos, activities
Engage
:

Distribute the handout "Rube Goldberg Pencil Sharpener" and have a brief student-student or teacher-student discussion over the device that was examined.

 

Divide students into teams of four, distribute the handout "Potential and Kinetic Energy - Rube Goldberg Device", and the handout "Rubric for Rube Goldberg Device" and explain the assignment.

°Students collaborate, collect data, experiment, build and explore
°Teacher facilitates and checks for understanding
Explore
:

SAFETY ALERT:

Students wear goggles when testing.

 

Hand out a marble to each group. This is the object that must be moved from Point A to Point B as mentioned in the handout.  Let students determine needed materials and help them gather the materials.

 

Students design and test the structure. Set a deadline for completion.  Students record work in science journals.

°Students explain what was learned while exploring
°Teacher monitors for correct understanding
Explain

Students share Rube Goldberg devices and explain where potential and kinetic energy is involved. Check student conversations and journals for understanding and misconceptions.  Correct as needed.

°Students apply new understanding to real world situations
°Students expand knowledge to related concepts
Elaborate

Students research Rube Goldberg and create presentations. Options for student presentations might include: Power Point, Prezi, Glogster Edu, Voice Thread, Edmodo, Go Animate, video cameras or interactive white boards with screen capture.  Most web 2.0 tools are free but require registration.

°Teacher assesses throughout
°Students reflect throughout
Evaluate

Formative evaluation occurs throughout research and student discussion.  Check for understanding as students share results of the investigation. Access links by West Virginia  for formative assessment examples.

 

Summative: Students' Rube Goldberg Devices and presentations are graded according to the rubric. Rubistar is a FREE web tool that can be used to create custom rubrics.


Attachments:
250-250_RGDev.doc
250-250_RGPenc.doc
250-250_RGPerm.doc
250-250_RGRubr.doc

Interdisciplinary Learning
Mathematics:

Common Core State Standards in Mathematics:  High School: Number and Quantity

Science:

Students explore other energy conversions, for example chemical to electric.

Access CK-12 Flexbooks for additional information.

Use Tools 4 Teaching Science to learn "high-leverage" new practices.

Language Arts:

Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts:

Grade 9-10 - Reading - Informational Text

Grade 9-10 - Speaking and Listening

 

The students write descriptions of how to set up the devices.  Use the literacy strategies for students from The New Science Literacy: Using Language Skills to Help Students Learn Science.

Social Studies:

Rube Goldberg was a political cartoonist as well. Political cartoons can be explored.

Other:

Teach Engineering has lessons, activities and resources for K-12 teachers.

US Army Corps of Engineers has additional resources.

Engineering.com has videos, careers, games and puzzles related to engineering.

Careers:

Use Live Binders to investigate a variety of careers.  Search "careers" in the education category and help students create a personal Live Binder about careers.

Technology:

Options for student presentations might include: Power Point, Prezi, Glogster Edu, Voice Thread, Go Animate, Rubistar, video cameras or interactive white boards with screen capture.  Most web 2.0 tools are free but require registration.

 


Works Cited

CK12.ORG - FlexBooks. Web. 02 Jan. 2012.

 

Organize Your Resources in an Online Binder - LiveBinders. Web. 18 Dec. 2011.

 

"Potential Energy." The Physics Classroom. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

 

The Official Rube Goldberg Website. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

 

Thier, Marlene, and Bennett Daviss. "The New Science Literacy: Using Language Skills to Help Students Learn Science by Marlene Thier with Bennett Daviss." Heinemann | Publisher of Professional Resources and Provider of Educational Services for Teachers. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

 

Tools 4 Teaching Science. Web. 04 Jan. 2012.

 

VoiceThread - Group Conversations around Images, Documents, and Videos. Web. 02 Jan. 2012.


Additional Resources

Achieve offers a rubric for evaluating open education resource (OER) objects.

 

Arkansas Department of Education Common Core resources.

 

Arkansas Digital Sandbox is a way to collaborate and share multi-media in a closed, social learning network.

 

Arkansas Ideas has professional development and tutorials for all content areas.

 

Arkansas iTunes University has FREE media linked to Arkansas Standards.

 

Next Generation Science Standards has the latest information posted about the new science standards.

 

NSTA has a free reader's guide to A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.

 

NSTA recommends outstanding science tradebooks for K-12 students.

 

Real Player is a free web tool that downloads, converts and plays video.

 

SMART Portal has Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics resources listed alphabetically and linked to Arkansas Standards.

 

The National Academies Press offers A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas as a book or a free PDF.


21st Century Skills
  • Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work, and value the individual contributions made by each team member
  • Elaborate, refine, analyze and evaluate their own ideas in order to improve and maximize creative efforts
  • Articulate thoughts and ideas effectively using oral, written and nonverbal communication skills in a variety of forms and contexts
  • Understand and utilize the most appropriate media creation tools, characteristics and conventions

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